In early 2006, during work on an unrelated research and development project, a unique carbon material was discovered that was ultimately named Graphonyx™ Carbon Nano Onions (CNOs). At the time of discovery, it was considered strictly a carbon byproduct of the overall research process. At the time, because of the lack of sophisticated Nano Research Equipment available to characterize the material, substantial time was expended to achieve identification of this new form of carbon. Through inquiries with a number of university laboratories one was located that had sufficient lab equipment to analyze and provide a preliminary and early stage identification. The university concluded that the material was a novel spherical nano carbon that could have significant impact in the field of Carbon Nanotechnology.
Extensive research and development began immediately to further explore the characteristics and potential applications of the material and to devise better equipment and methods of its production. Early on, it became apparent that producing the material in quantity would be extremely challenging, and that characterization would be even more so. At that time, only a limited number of nano research laboratories existed that were capable of performing the characterization and functionalization work.
Fortunately, in the ensuing years more universities began creating nano research laboratories, equipping them with advanced nano research instruments, and staffing them with chemists and scientists with the expertise to perform the characterization and some functionalization of nano materials. This has been a continuing trend which has accelerated the pace of nano research and development and the expansion of the field of nano technology.
Taking advantage of the greater availability of research support and expertise, GNO, in conjunction with over a dozen university laboratories, as well as Federal and private facilities, has learned of an array of unique characteristics of the Graphonyx™ material. The material has been characterized as a novel allotrope of carbon. The diversity of research facilities experimenting with the material have led to numerous exciting discoveries of potential applications.
From 2006 until today, GNO has focused on and continues to take major steps forward in improving it’s material manufacturing capabilities in the areas of quality control, purity, and commercial volume production. Also, over the past 5 years, this material has had six separate toxicity testings conducted, both in vivo as well as in vitro. All tests were done by either Federal sanctioned or University research labs. All six test results verified that there was little or no toxicity reactions caused by this material. The toxicity that is associated with other types of nano carbon ( carbon nano tubes or graphene) material which have either an asbestos-like form, sharp edges, or extraneous catalyst metals respectively, are not present in the spherical formation of the Graphonyx™ material. It is believed, that because of its catalyst free, three dimensional quasi-spherical form, stability in vivo, heat resistance, biological inertness and having no sharp edges that would react adversely to the cells of the human body, that this fullerene type material has tremendous potential uses in the biomedical field.
Through GNO’s research and development efforts over the past years, a significant amount of new data has been acquired. Understanding of this new form of nano material continues to expand through GNO’s own investments in research, as well as through the work currently being performed by its national and international research partners.
GNO has begun sharing this data with both academic and corporate entities on a limited basis. Although some technical data is not available due to non-disclosure contracts with all research and development entities that we deal with, the company is open to inquiries from new potential partners who desire to learn more about the Graphonyx material and how it might contribute to their specific areas of interest in new product development. If you have a question that we can answer without invading confidentially, or I.P. rights, our technology experts or chemists will be happy to address your question, either by e-mail or telephone.