Graphitic Nano Onions LLC (GNO), a privately held company, utilizes a proprietary process to create, in volume, a new form of highly graphitic structured carbon nano onion material called Graphonyx™.
After nine years of extensive research (with the support of 11 different Universities, 2 Federal and 5 commercial nano research labs), GNO is now for the first time, introducing into the market place this very novel, highly graphitic Carbon Nano Onion material. GNO has access to 22 carbon material patents by the Patent and Trademark Office of the United States, with 2 patents pending. It also includes international patents, with 1 patent applications pending before the World Intellectual Property Organization.
The Graphonyx™ material consists of catalyst free spherical and polyhedral carbon nano onions (diameter of between 20-60nm) with a purity level of >99.9%, and representing another new allotropic nanophase of carbon fullerenes. Structurally, this onion-like nano material is composed of concentric graphitic layers with an increasing radius and an interlayer distance of around 0.34 nm. A number of these onions are catenated together to form the final structures.
As the manufacturing process is easily scalable , commercialization becomes economically feasible in a wide range of applications. GNO has also developed a post – production functionalization process, whereby high volumes of material can be synthesized to achieve specific material characteristics. (e-mail, or call us for more information on this).
Chemical Equation of the Material
"Presented above is an unsubstituted carbon aromatic ring (a) and its self-assembly aggregation (b) with dangling bond electrons extending outside with no opportunity of bonding more carbons due to further building blocks being unavailable. With our proprietary process, dangling bond electrons were created on the multilayered surfaces of the Graphonyx material, resulting in a suspected antioxidant capability in deactivating cancer cells as well as other toxins in the human body".